Dental Surgery is any of a large number of dental procedures that involve directly modifying dental anatomy; i.e. surgery of jawbones, gums, and teeth. It is one of the most common surgical procedures carried out by cosmetic dentists. It is carried out for numerous reasons, including correcting the alignment of teeth and jaws, as well as treating teeth decays and abscesses.
The term Dental Surgery is often used in association with General Anesthesia. General anesthesia, which is generally used for surgery involving the brain and spine, has been applied in certain dental procedures since the 1950s. Today, however, General Anesthesia is rarely used in dental surgery because it can be hazardous, and the patient also requires significant sedation in order to undergo such procedures. Consequently, most of dental procedures nowadays, involve local or regional sedation, which involves the administration of drugs in the oral cavity so as to decrease pain, relax the patient, and facilitate recovery.
During dental surgery, different types of procedures are carried out by dentists, depending on the problem being addressed. For example, if a patient requires correction of the bite, a cosmetic dentist may perform a process called bite-straightening, by moving the lower teeth forward (conveniently allowing the front teeth to come out of reach), and tightening the bite. On the other hand, if you have a cavity in your tooth, a periodontist might perform a root canal procedure, or remove a decaying tooth with surgical excision.
There are many other types of dental surgery performed by dentists, and several techniques are used simultaneously. One of these is Maxillofacial surgery, which involves the analysis, diagnosis, and treatment of oral diseases affecting the jaw, face, and neck. These include disorders of the maxillofacial area such as maxillofacial neuromuscular disease, temporomandibular joint disorder, and craniofacial abnormalities. The treatment can be a variety of methods such as invasive surgery, through laser and conventional medicines, as well as manual treatments. The dentist may also opt for interventional procedures like injecting collagen into the affected area. This type of procedure reduces the pain in the oral cavity, and it can help in healing the damaged tissues.
Another type of dental surgery that may experience complications after the fact is referred to as dental implant surgery. This refers to the placement of artificial teeth into the jawbone. You may experience some discomfort after the procedure, and the gums may get swollen. However, most patients report that they do not experience any pain during or after the procedure. Some people may experience some difficulty when biting or talking because the artificial teeth are too close to the gums.
Generally, dental surgery procedures are performed by dentists, who are qualified professionals who have completed a special course of study. You will need to undergo several evaluations before you can be accepted for this course. Some of these include oral exams, examinations on the structure of your teeth, x-rays, and CT scans.